Different Types of Doctors & Medical Specialists

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Different Types of Doctors & Medical Specialists

Veterinary Doctor – A veterinarian treats, cures, and prevents diseases in animals.


Pediatrician – A pediatrician is a medical doctor specializing in treating infants, and children.


Cardiologist – A cardiologist treats the cardiovascular system. They treat and diagnose the abnormality in our blood vessels and heart.


Gynecologist – A gynecologist specializes in the female reproductive system.


Orthopedic – The Medical specialty that focuses on the Skeletal system including bones, joints, and muscles is known as orthopedic.


Psychiatrists – Psychiatrists are doctors who specialize in preventing, diagnosing, and treating mental illness.


Dentist – The dentist is a doctor who is specially trained to care for our teeth.


Pulmonologist – Pulmonary means lungs, hence a doctor who treats lungs is known as a pulmonologist.


ENT – ENT stands for ear, nose, and throat, A doctor who diagnoses and treats diseases of the ear, nose, and throat is also called an otolaryngologist.


Endocrinologist – An endocrinologist is a doctor that treats diseases related to problems with hormones, hormonal glands, or the endocrine system.


Neurologist – Neurologist Treating and diagnosing issues of the nervous system. Our nervous system includes our brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and nerves.


Oncologist – An oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer and provides medical care for a person diagnosed with cancer.


Gastroenterologists – Gastroenterologists diagnose and treat digestive disorders including liver disease, ulcers, and irritable bowel syndrome.


Dermatologists – A dermatologist is a doctor who manages diseases related to skin, hair, and nails.


Urologists – Urologists diagnose and treat diseases of the urinary tract which includes your kidneys, bladder, and ureters.


General surgeon – general surgeon is a doctor who diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders that may require surgical treatment and repairs damage caused by injuries.


Radiologist – A radiologist diagnosing internal & external injuries with the help of imaging techniques like x-rays, CT scans, MRIs and ultrasounds, etc.


Anesthetists – Anaesthetists are specialist doctors who provide anesthesia to the patients before or during various medical procedures and surgeries.


Some important Abbreviations used in the medical field.

ICU – (Intensive Care Unit)

ICCU – (Intensive Coronary Care Unit)

OPD – Outpatient Department.

MD – Doctor of Medicine

A&E – Accident and Emergency

CT scan – computerized tomography Scan

CXR – chest X-ray

ECG – electrocardiogram

EEG – electroencephalogram

ED – emergency department

EMU – early morning urine sample

Hx – history

IM – injection into a muscle

IV – injection directly to a vein

MRI – magnetic resonance imaging


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